REACH is a regulation of the European Union, adopted to improve the protection of human health and the environment from the risks that can be posed by chemicals, while enhancing the competitiveness of the EU chemicals industry. It also promotes alternative methods for the hazard assessment of substances in order to reduce the number of tests on animals. In principle, REACH applies to all chemical substances; not only those used in industrial processes but also in our day-to-day lives, for example in cleaning products, paints as well as in articles such as clothes, furniture and electrical appliances. Therefore, the regulation has an impact on most companies across the EU.
REACH places the burden of proof on companies. To comply with the regulation, companies must identify and manage the risks linked to the substances they manufacture and market in the EU. They have to demonstrate to ECHA how the substance can be safely used, and they must communicate the risk management measures to the users.
If the risks cannot be managed, authorities can restrict the use of substances in different ways. In the long run, the most hazardous substances should be substituted with less dangerous ones.
REACH stands for Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals. It entered into force on 1 June 2007. Under EU REACH regulation, substances that are one of the following can be regarded as substance of very high concern (SVHC):
- Carcinogenic, mutagenic or toxic to reproduction (CMRs)
- Persistent, bio-accumulative and toxic (PBTs)
- Very persistent and bio-accumulative (vPvBs)
- Seriously and / or irreversibly damaging the environment or human health, as substances damaging the hormone system
REACH impacts on a wide range of companies across many sectors, even those who may not think of themselves as being involved with chemicals. Other industries such as Electrical & Electronics, toys, textiles, tyres, Packaging, Luggage etc. are all affected by REACH.
In general, under REACH you may have one of these roles:
If you make chemicals, either to use yourself or to supply to other people (even if it is for export), then you will probably have some important responsibilities under REACH.
If you buy anything from outside the EU/EEA, you are likely to have some responsibilities under REACH. It may be individual chemicals, mixtures for onwards sale or finished products, like clothes, furniture or plastic goods.
Downstream users: Most companies use chemicals, sometimes even without realizing it, therefore you need to check your obligations if you handle any chemicals in your industrial or professional activity. You might have some responsibilities under REACH.
With the constantly evolving global legislations and environmental requirements, the product compliance to these regulations becomes important. The compliance to ever evolving changes not only provides the cutting edge to the competition, but also acts as a step towards corporate social responsibility. Some of the recent legislations include:
Regulation (EC) 1907/2006: Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals (REACH) and establishing a European Chemicals Agency.
REACH is a very exhaustive legislation (http://echa.europa.eu/home_en.asp ).The REACH candidate list keeps on changing from time to time. As per latest notification from ECHA (European chemical agency) the list includes 155 candidates as on date 16/06/2014.for updated SVHC Candidate list please follow the link.
TUV India uses the International accepted Protocols and the latest sophisticated and reliable instrumentation techniques of ICP-OES, GC-MS/MS, LC-MS/MS, HPLC, GC etc.
TUV India conducts tests as per regulatory guidelines for REACH –SVHC Candidates and for Annexure XVII Candidates, to ensure safety to human health and environment, by examining the intrinsic properties of substances, thereby providing accurate and reliable results.
Categories of commodities which are majorly affected:
- Plastic products
- Metals and metal articles
- Packaging material
- Coated Material
- Finished Goods
- Other products apart from the above mentioned categories of commodities