As the days get shorter, most motorcyclists send their bike into hibernation. To avoid a rude awakening next spring, you should store your machine properly. 

1. Keep it clean

  • Wash your bike with motorcycle cleaner because dirt attracts moisture and rust. 
  • Spray motorcycle cleaner on the cold engine block. After a short time, scrub thoroughly with an old toothbrush. 
  • Rinse the motorcycle with powerful jet water, but do not use a high-pressure cleaner as this water can penetrate into the wheel and steering wheel bearings. 
  • To finish off, let the machine dry for 1-2 hours and then warm the engine.

2. Oil change

  • After opening the oil drain plug, collect the warm waste oil in a pan and dispose of it in an environmentally friendly manner. 
  • Change the oil filter including the sealing ring. 
  • Screw in the oil drain plug with the new sealing ring and tighten. 
  • Refill with new oil. The exact amount can be found in the owner's manual.
  • The motorcycle must stand straight in order to read off the oil level correctly.
  • Let the engine spin for a short time so that the new oil can spread. Then check the oil level again. 

3. Drive


  • Tighten the chain, but not too tightly otherwise damage may occur to the drive and gear box. Further information can be found in the driver's manual or in the operating instructions.
  • The chain should receive a full portion of lubrication. 

Drive shaft

  • If grease is needed, you should press in 2-3 strokes of grease with the grease gun. Oil changes are necessary according to maintenance intervals. 

4. Battery

  • Disconnect the battery and store it in a dry, frost-proof place. 
  • Check the acid level of the battery and if necessary top it up with distilled water to the maximum mark. 
  • Check the charge condition with an acid lift. 
  • A deep discharge can occur. A deeply discharged battery never recovers to its original capacity. It is best to connect the battery to a "charge monitors" which keeps the voltage constant. 
  • A normal battery recharges itself every four to six weeks. 
  • Maintenance-free batteries hang from the charger once or twice during the winter break. 

5. Tires

  • In order for the tires to not run angular in the spring, they must be relieved. Jack up the motorcycle carefully. 
  • Relieve both wheels by possibly pushing a block of wood or a jack under the engine block. Be careful of tipping. 
  • Increase the tire pressure by 0.5

6. Air suspension

  • Lower the air pressure in the spring so that the sealing rings are not under unnecessary pressure. 

7. Carburator

  • Empty the float chambers of the carburator to prevent the fuel from becoming resinified and thus clogging the injectors. First close the fuel tap, then open the drain plug on the float chamber and drain the fuel into a vessel. 

8. Cooling water

  • Check the water level. 
  • Make sure you have enough frost protection. 

9. Spark plugs

  • Unscrew, clean and check spark plugs. Replace with new ones if necessary. 
  • Inject some engine oil into the combustion chambers and turn the spark plugs back in. 

10. Tank

  • A steel tank filled to the brim with fuel protects against corrosion. For plastic tanks you should drain the fuel and store it in a suitable canister. 

11. Metal, paint care and others

  • If the bike is outdoors in the winter, corrosion protection and coverage with a well-ventilated tarpaulin is necessary. 
  • Polish the varnish and preserve with wax. 
  • Creep oil ensures a permanently good connection of all plugs. 

TUV NORD Mobility Inc.

Suite 415, 708-11th Avenue S.W.
Calgary, AB, Canada
T2R 0E4